Exploring Career Options: Is Capital Goods a Good Career Path?

Published: 4 months ago, Last Updated: 4 months ago
Emily Thompson
Writer: Emily Thompson
Jackson Rhodes
Reviewer: Jackson Rhodes
Listen minutes

Are you looking for a career in an industry that not only drives economic growth but also promises a future of innovation and opportunity? Capital goods, in essence, are the durable products that businesses use to produce goods or services. This sector brims with career opportunities that don’t just demand a workforce but innovators, strategists, and visionaries.

The global capital goods market grew by 5% in 2022 and is projected to reach an estimated value of $2.5 trillion by 2025. This figure underlines the industry’s robust health and signals a myriad of career prospects for those ready to dive in.

Here, we delve deeper into the heart of the capital goods sector, weigh the pros and cons of a career in this field, and highlight in-demand professions with their potential earnings. Let’s discover if capital goods is a good career path for you!

What Role Do Capital Goods Play in Production?

Capital goods are the foundational tools and equipment used to produce other goods and services. They are long-lasting items that businesses invest in and use over time. This category includes machinery, buildings, vehicles, and technology – in short, the physical assets that companies utilize to manufacture products or provide services for consumers.

Unlike consumer goods, which are purchased by the end customer, capital goods are used to produce those consumer goods. Careers in this sector often involve working with or developing these assets, offering a range of roles from engineering and design to management and maintenance, each playing a part in the broader economic landscape.

Overview of the Capital Goods Industry

The capital goods industry has been experiencing a significant boom. According to S&P Global Ratings, the industry has been experiencing dynamic shifts. For instance, North America and China witnessed 15% to 20% growth rates, while Europe and Asia-Pacific saw more modest growth at 3% to 4%. 

Graphic of a professional working in the capital goods industry

As we delve into the details of this industry, we will explore key job opportunities to help you see if capital goods is a good career path for you.

Key Sectors Within Capital Goods

The capital goods industry is diverse, encompassing various sectors. Here’s a detailed look at the key sectors:

  • Building Technology – smart building solutions, sustainable architectural designs, like energy-efficient HVAC systems, and eco-friendly building materials.
  • Construction Equipment – heavy machinery like bulldozers, cranes, and excavators used in large-scale construction projects.
  • Energy Equipment – turbines for wind farms and equipment for solar panels needed in renewable energy production.
  • Flow Control – valves, pumps, and meters used in industries like oil and gas for controlling the flow of fluids.
  • Industrial Automation – robotics and computer-controlled systems in manufacturing, exemplified by automated assembly lines in automobile factories.
  • Machine Tools – precision tools like computer numerical control (CNC) machines used in the metalworking and shaping industry.
  • Material Handling – forklifts and conveyor belts used for moving goods in warehouses and manufacturing facilities.
  • Motion Control – advanced control systems for precise machinery operation, seen in high-precision manufacturing sectors like aerospace.
  • Packaging and Process Equipment – machinery for packaging consumer goods and process equipment used in the food and beverage industry, like bottling and canning lines.
  • Power Tools – electric drills, saws, and sanders needed in construction and woodworking.

Economic Significance of Capital Goods Industry

The capital goods industry has demonstrated remarkable resilience and growth, especially in the post-pandemic era. The industry has coped well with challenges such as high inflation and supply chain disruptions, maintaining profitability. 

Earning Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA), which is a key indicator of economic performance, grew to a recent record of 14.7%, highlighting the sector’s ability to navigate economic uncertainties effectively.

The industry is navigating a landscape shaped by major global trends like sustainability and digitalization. With the sector’s growth, roles in areas like sustainable technology development, digital transformation, and strategic management are becoming increasingly in demand.

Is Capital Goods a Good Career Path? Pros & Cons

Are you still wondering if capital goods is a good career path for you? As with any field, a job in capital goods has its highs and lows. Below, we explore what this means for you if you choose to pursue a career in this field.


The main advantages of a career in this sector include:

  • Ever-Growing Demand for Skills: The industry’s constant evolution means there’s always a need for new talent. As of 2022, there were an estimated 22,000 job openings in the goods-producing industry. Whether you’re into engineering, marketing, or anything in between, your skills are likely in high demand.
  • Competitive Salaries: Here’s something you’ll love – jobs in this sector often offer salaries that are well above the average, reflecting the value of your expertise. Entry-level positions offer $30,000 to $50,000 annual salaries.
  • Innovation Opportunities: The industry’s focus on innovation and technology provides opportunities for creative problem-solving and working on cutting-edge projects.
  • Career Growth and Stability: With its fundamental role in economic development, the capital goods sector offers a stable platform for building a long-term career and growing to top-level management positions. It is projected that there will be a 6% rise in job openings in this sector between 2016 and 2026.
  • Diverse Career Paths: The sector encompasses various fields like engineering, marketing, and management, allowing for diverse specialization options.
  • Global Exposure: Many companies in this sector operate internationally, offering opportunities for global exposure and understanding of different markets.


On the other hand, some of the challenges may include:

  • Intensive Skill and Training Requirement: The capital goods sector often demands a high level of specialized skills and ongoing training. This can be challenging for those who may not have the time to dedicate to constant training.
  • High Pressure and Competition: If you’re looking for low-stress jobs, you might want to reconsider. The fast-paced nature and the constant need for innovation can create a high-pressure work environment.
  • Potential for Job Displacement: Technological advancements, such as automation, could disrupt certain roles, necessitating continuous skill upgrades.
  • Environmental and Regulatory Challenges: With an increased focus on sustainability, brace yourself for complex environmental and regulatory landscapes like compliance with emission standards, waste disposal norms, and energy efficiency requirements.
  • Global Economic Sensitivity: Being closely tied to global economic trends, the industry can be susceptible to geopolitical tensions and global market changes.

Best Paying Jobs in the Capital Goods Industry

Now that we’ve explored the various aspects of the industry, we’ll help you get a better grasp on the most in-demand and best-paying jobs in capital goods you may consider transitioning into. From leveraging AI to revolutionize production processes to steering product development through strategic insights, these roles are as diverse as they are rewarding.

Machine Learning Scientist

Average annual salary: $142,418

Their responsibilities involve developing data-driven models that enable machines to learn from and adapt to new situations without explicit programming. This involves not only creating algorithms but also testing and refining them to ensure accuracy and efficiency. They work closely with engineers and data teams to integrate these models into existing systems, enhancing their performance.

Graphic of a machine learning scientist in the capital goods industry
  • Educational Requirements: Master’s or doctoral degree in Computer Science, Mathematics, or a related field with a strong focus on machine learning.
  • Required Skills: Hands-on experience with ML tools and methodologies, familiarity with programming languages like Python or R, and experience with ML frameworks like TensorFlow or PyTorch.
  • Day-to-day Tasks: Analyzing large sets of data to identify patterns, developing predictive models, and collaborating with cross-functional teams to understand business needs and how machine learning can address them.

Director of Product Management

Average annual salary: $230,997

Directors of product management in the capital goods sector are responsible for overseeing the development and management of products, ensuring that production lines run smoothly. This role is integral to bridging technical and business aspects and making strategic decisions that align products with market demands and company objectives.

  • Educational Requirements: Bachelor’s degree, often in business or a related field, with many possessing a Master’s degree.
  • Required Skills: Strong foundation in data analysis, business development, and an understanding of supply chain dynamics and manufacturing processes.
  • Day-to-day Tasks: Collaborating with various departments, including manufacturing, supply chain logistics, and inventory control.

Architectural and Engineering Manager

Average annual salary: $146,868

Architectural and engineering managers oversee the planning, directing, and coordinating of activities in architectural and engineering fields. Their responsibilities include making detailed plans for product, process, and design development, determining staffing and training needs, proposing project budgets, and overseeing research and development activities.

  • Educational Requirements: Bachelor’s degree in architecture or engineering, with many professionals also holding advanced degrees or certifications.
  • Required Skills: Strong analytical, leadership, communication, and organizational abilities.
  • Day-to-day Activities: Managing teams, strategizing project execution, and ensuring alignment with company objectives.

Director of Research and Development

Average annual salary: $162,707

This role involves developing or improving products or services to meet unique customer needs. R&D leaders in the capital goods sector may oversee the design, testing, production, and marketing of innovative products, such as clean energy solutions. They collaborate closely with scientists, marketers, and sales representatives to stay in line with industry trends and company goals.

Graphic of a director of research and development in the capital goods industry
  • Educational Requirements: Advanced degree, often in engineering, science, or a related discipline.
  • Required Skills: Strong project management capabilities, effective interpersonal communication, and a keen ability to forecast sales and market trends. 
  • Day-to-day Activities: Strategizing, problem-solving, and innovating, keeping your project aligned with the company’s strategic goals while adapting to emerging industry trends.

Marketing Manager

Average annual salary: $83,488

Marketing managers in the capital goods industry develop strategies to promote products or services. They are involved in product positioning and pricing strategies, ensuring that the products meet market demands and competitive landscapes. Additionally, these managers often lead cross-functional teams, collaborating with R&D, sales, and production departments to align marketing strategies with company goals and product roadmaps.

  • Educational Requirements: Bachelor’s degree in marketing, business, or a related field.
  • Required Skills: Strong communication skills, analytical thinking, and creativity.
  • Day-to-day Activities: Strategizing, planning, and executing marketing initiatives, as well as analyzing market trends and adjusting strategies accordingly.

Metallurgical Engineer

Average annual salary: $94,030

Metallurgical engineers specialize in metal materials and their processes. In the capital goods industry, they analyze the properties of various metals and develop new alloys to meet specific industrial requirements, such as improved strength and durability. These engineers also work on optimizing metallurgical processes like casting, forging, and welding.

  • Educational Requirements: Advanced degree in chemical engineering or metallurgy.
  • Required Skills: Deep understanding of thermodynamics, material science, and specialized knowledge in certain types of metals or alloys.
  • Day-to-day activities: Detailed analysis, experimentation, and collaboration with other engineers and specialists to achieve desired material characteristics.

General and Operations Manager

Average annual salary: $93,045

These managers are responsible for overseeing day-to-day operations or the entire operations of a company. They analyze and refine business processes, manage supply chains, and are often instrumental in cost management and resource allocation. In the capital goods sector, they are also involved in strategic planning and decision-making to improve operational efficiency and productivity.

Graphic of a operations manager in the capital goods industry
  • Educational Requirements: Bachelor’s degree in business or a related field.
  • Required Skills: Strategic planning, adept decision-making, leadership, and problem-solving.
  • Day-to-day Activities: Being at the helm of operations, making critical decisions that affect the company’s immediate performance and long-term goals.

Success Stories: Profiles of Professionals in Capital Goods

The capital goods industry is a realm where innovation and strategic insight come together, propelling professionals to remarkable heights of success. Let’s look at a couple of inspirational examples.

As CEO of one of the largest auto manufacturers globally, Mary Barra has led General Motors through a transformative era, especially in clean energy and electric vehicles. Her soft skills for leadership in steering GM towards sustainability and innovation have been a notable achievement in the capital goods sector. Her efforts in pushing for eco-friendly transportation solutions underscore the impact one can have in driving environmental advancements within a traditionally heavy industry.

Ursula Bruns began her career as a mechanical engineering intern at Xerox and rose through the ranks to become the CEO. Bruns’ journey from an engineering intern to the CEO of a major capital goods manufacturer is an exemplary story of career progression in a technically and managerially demanding industry. Her tenure at Xerox was marked by significant transformations and innovation, showcasing her leadership and strategic acumen.

These stories reflect the diverse opportunities available in the capital goods sector, from corporate leadership to groundbreaking technical roles. As the industry continues to evolve, the blend of technical skills, strategic vision, and adaptability remains key to achieving lasting impact and success. And if you’re wondering whether capital goods is a good career path for you, who knows? Maybe you could be the next trailblazer, shaping the future of industrial technology.

Final Thoughts

The capital goods industry stands as a beacon of opportunity and growth. With its strong market performance and a wide array of career paths, it offers a thrilling venture for those ready to embrace its challenges and innovations. 

If you’re at the crossroads of your career, consider this: a journey into capital goods could be your gateway to shaping the future of industry and technology. The question remains – are you ready to take this dynamic path?

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